THE DANISH RUNES

Prior to 500 AD the 24-rune Elder Futhark was used in Denmark. From 500 AD to 800 AD there were many transitional futharks, reflecting a change from the 24-rune Futhark to the 16-rune Futharks. By the end of this period, the 24-rune Futhark went completely out of use and the 16-rune Futharks had prevailed.

From 900 AD some of the runes changed, visually and phonetically. This occurred again about 950 AD and 1100 AD due to language changes. Runes dated to 1300 AD show evidence of being influenced by the Latin alphabet.

Runes found in Skåne, Halland and Blekinge in Sweden, and runes found in Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, is counted among Danish runes, because in the Runic period, this was Danish land.



DANISH-GERMANIC RUNES TO CA. 500 AD
f u0 th0 a0 r0 k0 g0 w0
*fehu *uruR *þurisaR *ansuR *raidu *kauna *gebu *wunju

h0 n0 i j p ë R s
*hagalaR *naudiR *isaR *jara *perþu *iwaR *algiR *sowilu

t b e m l ng d o
*tiwaR *berkana *ehwaR *mannaR *laguR *ingwaR *dagaR *oþila

From 500 AD to 800 AD there were many Futharks making the transition from the 24-rune Futhark to a 16-rune Futhark.


DANISH RUNES TO CA. 800 AD (16 RUNES)
Danske runer ca 800


DANISH RUNES FROM CA. 800 AD
Danske runer
These runes became reign supreme in Denmark (including Skåne).


DANISH RUNES FROM CA. 900 AD
Danske runer ca 900
From 950 the rune a is written mirror-turned and the left stave on the rune s is drawn down to bottom. The rune marked R (sound = z) went out of use and this rune became the sound Y.


DANISH RUNES FROM CA. 1100 AD
Danske runer ca 1100
The Swedish shorttwigs-runes influenced the Danish runes as well.


DANISH RUNES FROM CA. 1300 AD)
Danske runer ca 1300
You may use the F also as a V.
You may use the G also as a J.
You may use the A also as an O.
You may use the S also as a C.


Pictures of Danish runic stones



Direct links to the other pages:
|.Index.| |.Norwegian.runes.| |.Swedish.runes.| |.Danish.runes.| |.Greenlandic.runes.| |.Germanic.runes.| |.Anglo-Saxon.runes.| |.Elder.Futhark.| |.Odin's.Galder.Songs.| |.Sigdrifumal.| |.Secret.runes.| |.History.of.the.runes.| |.Norwegian.runic.inscriptions.| |.Symbols.| |.Daily.life.| |.The.Thing.| |.Raids.| |.Stave.church.| |.Art.| |.Links.to.runes.| |.Download-links.|

Norwegian Text


Created by Arild Hauge © Denmark, Aarhus 2002
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Sist oppdatert 08.09.2007 kl. 01.56.12